Hypertension Prevalence in Van, Turkey-1997

R. ERKOÇ, H. AKSOY, S. ALICI, M. İLHAN, M. SAYARLIOĞLU, İ. DİLEK, İ. UYGAN, C. TOPAL, C. MERAL
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Abstract


Objective: The aim was to investigate the prevalence
of hypertension in Van.
Method: A total of 2010 subjects (586 male, mean age:
44.8 ± 14.9; 1424 female, mean age: 39.1 ± 14.1) between
the ages of 20-74, were sampled from a target
population of 315,866 according to systematic
sampling technique. Blood pressure of each participant
was measured by using ErkaÆ sphygmomanometer for
two times with a 3 minutes interval by a physician and
an average was obtained.
Results: Hypertension prevalence was 34.9 % (males:
33.3 %, females: 35.5 %, p> 0.05) according to 140/90
mmHg criterium and  19.1 % (males: 14.5 %, females:
21.0 %, p < 0.001) according to 160/95 mmHg criterium.
Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were
129.97± 27.78 mmHg (95% CI:128.7, 131.2)
(males:128.20 ± 24.30 (95 % CI: 126.2, 130.2), females:
130.70 ± 29.10 (95 % CI: 129.2, 132.2), p = 0.013) and
81.95 ± 14.24 mmHg (95 % CI: 81.3, 82.6) males: 81.10 ±
13.0 (95 % CI: 80.0, 82.2), females: 82.30 ± 14.70 (95 %
CI: 81.5, 83.1), p = 0.07), respectively.
Conclusion: In Van, hypertension is a serious health
problem and efficient public health measures and
education programs are needed.
Key words:  Turkey, Van, hypertension, prevalence,
epidemiology

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